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Careers in Law

"The study of the law is useful in a variety of points of view. It qualifies a man to be useful to himself, to his neighbors, and to the public" - Thomas Jefferson

Law, these days, is in most demand as a profession. Constant changes in social and economic circumstances and the ever-increasing regulatory role by the government is causing a rising demand for the lawyers. Besides being financially lucrative, Law is an

audacious and exciting career option in today’s date. Lawyers are looked at with high respect in our society, and there remains the faith that when everything else fails, one can still take the path of legal system for justice. In our day to day life in one way or other we may come across various situations where we need legal advice. In such situations, we need to take the advice of legal professionals who analyze and interpret law properly and have been trained to do the same.

Lawyers educate clients about their legal rights and recommend course of action in a meticulous manner. They also counsel clients and prepare legal documents, such as wills and contracts and conduct negotiations on legal matters, and may represent clients in court and tribunal proceedings.

Academic excellence does not count for success in this profession. Professional competency acquired through experience and practice with lawyers is the main benchmark of success.

Careers In Law

There are various areas of specialization in this field which one can choose from, namely:

  • Civil Law- Civil law is a body of rules that defines and protects the private rights of citizens, offers legal remedies that may be sought in a dispute, and covers areas of law such as contracts, torts, property and family law.
  • Criminal Law- Criminal law refers to a body of laws that apply to criminal acts. In instances where an individual fails to adhere to a particular criminal statute, he or she commits a criminal act by breaking the law. This body of laws is different from civil law, because criminal law penalties involve the forfeiture of one's rights and imprisonment. Conversely, civil laws relate to the resolution of legal controversies and involve money damages.
  • Corporate Law- Corporate law is the body of laws, rules, regulations and practices that govern the formation and operation of corporations. It’s the body of law that regulates legal entities that exist to conduct business. The laws touch on the rights and obligations of all of the people involved with forming, owning, operating and managing a corporation.
  • Taxation Law- Tax law, body of rules under which a public authority has a claim on taxpayers, requiring them to transfer to the authority part of their income or property. The power to impose taxes is generally recognized as a right of governments. The tax law of a nation is usually unique to it, although there are similarities and common elements in the laws of various countries.
  • Labor Law- Labor law, the varied body of law applied to such matters as employment, remuneration, conditions of work, trade unions, and industrial relations. In its most comprehensive sense, the term includes social security and disability insurance as well. Unlike the laws of contract, tort, or property, the elements of labor law are somewhat less homogeneous than the rules governing a particular legal relationship. In addition to the individual contractual relationships growing out of the traditional employment situation, labor law deals with the statutory requirements and collective relationships that are increasingly important in mass-production societies, the legal relationships between organized economic interests and the state, and the various rights and obligations related to some types of social services.
  • International Law- International law is a system of treaties and agreements between nations that governs how nations interact with other nations, citizens of other nations, and businesses of other nations. International law typically falls into two different categories. "Private international law" deals with controversies between private entities, such as people or corporations, which have a significant relationship to more than one nation. For example, lawsuits arising from the toxic gas leak in Bhopal, India from industrial plants owned by Union Carbide, a U.S. corporation would be considered a matter of private international law.
  • Family Law- Family law is a legal practice area that focuses on issues involving family relationships, such as adoption, divorce, and child custody, among others. Attorneys practicing family law can represent clients in family court proceedings or in related negotiations and can also draft important legal documents such as court petitions or property agreements. Some family law attorneys even specialize in adoption, paternity, emancipation, or other matters not usually related to divorce.
  • Constitutional Law- Constitutional Law is the aggregate of the enacted law, case law, and usage which, in any given country, determines the composition of the governing body and regulates. The manner in which that body may exercise its powers.
  • Administration Law- Administrative law is the body of law created by the agencies and departments of the government, which carry out the laws passed by Congress or a state legislature. When Congress passes a law on a complicated issue, Congress often needs help determining all of the details of how the law will be enforced and implemented. Administrative agencies and government departments fill in those gaps for Congress and pass additional rules and regulations to achieve Congress's goals.
  • Patent Law- Patent is an exclusive right granted by a government for an invention that is new, involves inventive step and is capable of industrial application. Section 2(1)(m) of the Indian Patent Act, 1970 defines patent as: "patent" means a patent for any invention granted under this Act.

Jobs After Completing Law School

  • Legal Advisor- These are lawyers who are employed by the government and large companies to provide legal advice and services to the organizations and their employees. Most legal advisors are former advocates or attorneys who want to go into a corporate environment.
  • Criminal Lawyer- Also known as attorneys. They are certified professionals who advise and represent natural and juristic persons in legal matters. They counsel clients, perform legal research, prepare documents and represent clients in court criminal proceedings.
  • Civil Litigation Lawyer- Also known as trial lawyers. They represent defendants in civil lawsuits, managing all investigations, pleadings through pre-trial, settlement and appeal processes.
  • Legal Analysts- They are specialists who support and aid individual lawyers or legal teams. Conducting research, assembling legal documents, maintaining assets and file documents.
  • Legal Journalists- Their focus especially on reporting on matters pertaining to the law
  • Intellectual property lawyer- Lawyers who help protect creative people's ideas, inventions, works of art or trade secrets from theft are known as intellectual property attorneys.
  • Law Librarian- Law librarians act in the same capacity as other librarians you have come across in your life, whether in school or at the local government-owned facility. They will help you locate information, navigate collections and take out books.
  • Lobbyist- This is someone who acts in the interest of a client to influence public policy by engaging with legislators or members of regulatory agencies.
  • Policy Analyst- Policy analysts are integral to legislative bodies, large corporations and non-profit organizations. These professionals will devise policies, provide advice to legislators or senior management and brief individuals close to the matter. Another facet is gathering data and using research to either better understand or persuade public opinion.

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